San Nicola, Tremiti islands
Yesterday and today
Fortunately, in recent years there has been a consìderable revival of interest for the stupendous natural beauty of the Tremiti Islands. With a surface area of just 3.06 square kilometres and some 430 inhabitants, many of whom do not live on the islands the whole year round, the administrative area of Tremiti is the smallest and most scarcely populated of the whole Apulia region, but is probably also the most well-known and attractive from the point of view of tourism.
Getting there, when visiting them
The best period to visit the islands is between May and October, and the busiest time is in August. The most suitable means of transport for exploring the archipelago is by motor-boat or inflatable dinghy.
The Tremiti Islands are a group of three small islands called San Nicola, San Domino and Caprara or Capraia, surrounded by numerous rock formations such as Cretaccio (about 35,000 square metres) and the tiny island of Pìanosa.
The “Diomede rocks”:
marine nature park
In 1989, the Tremiti Islands, also known as the ‘Dìomedan Islands’, since legend has it that they were cast into the Adriatic Sea by the mythical Diomedes in his anger against a cruel destìny, were declared a marine nature park, sanctioned by National Law 979/82, which was created specifically to protect one of the most characteristic of the Mediterranean. The marine nature reserve includes the entire coastal area around the islands of San Domino, San Nicola, Capraia and Pianosa, and encourages the participation of the local Pianosa, and encourages the partipation of the local inhabitants in the implementation and management of fish-farming and repopulation projects along the coast, so that the precious heritage of sea life and natural beauty can be protected and made known to a wider public, thus boosting the local economy.
Colors, species, seabed
The crystal-clear and uncontaminated water of the sea intensify the variety of the colours of life-forms which occupy the seabed, with algae such as Mediterranean Acetabularia and Mediterranean Coral and various colonies of sponges. However, the real weath of the islands lies in their enormous variety of fish, including giltheads, sea bream, dentex, shimmering clouds of red mulet and silvery shoals of grey mullet. Other species can be admired in these waters, such as seahorses and needle fishes and the seabed is popolate by groupers, moray eels, small octopuses and shoals of squid attracted by the bright sunlight down from the surface.
TheTremiti Islands have submerged and surfaced again many times in their geological past, and are made up of a brittle blend of limestone, clay and siliceous rocks that have suffered erosion and separation. The coast of the islands, sloping down gently to the sea in some parts and lined with perpendicular cliffs in others, is interrupted by a large number of marine caves. Tremiti Islands every year, and the hospitality trade is the principal economic resource of the archipelago.